DESPERATE AND FRAGILE. BUT HOPE IS STRONG.
The situation is Iraq is extremely dire and getting worse by the day.
The removal of peacekeeping troops may result in the situation worsening as ISIS and other such groups may feel emboldened. The current situation is already terrible, so humanitarian assistance to affected communities remains crucial. COVID is just exacerbating the situation as it has made things even more difficult for volunteers to enter the country. As it stands today, this is the current situation facing the Iraqi people.
Have been forced to flee since 2014. The conflict has threatened millions of lives. Approximately 250,000 people have sought refuge in neighboring countries.
More than 6.5 million Iraqis -approximately 18% of the population-, including 3 million women and girls, are in need of humanitarian assistance and protection.
Approximately 360,000 Iraqis are displaced in informal settlements, including unfinished and abandoned buildings. They require additional aid to survive the winter.
Decades of conflict and widespread violence have resulted in more than 3.3 million Iraqis displaced across the country since 2014. It is estimated that approximately 6.7 million - approximately 18 percent of the population- are currently in need of humanitarian assistance, including 3 million children.
Although armed violence has declined in some parts of the country, armed groups and small scale military operations continue to carry out unpredictable attacks throughout the country, resulting in new displacements.
As of 2019, almost 2 million people remain displaced inside Iraq -over half of whom have been displaced for more than three years- and 250,000 are hosted in neighboring countries. Of the total number of internally displaced, 71 percent have taken refuge in the Kurdistan Region of Iraq.
There are also 300,000 refugees in Iraq from neighboring countries — the vast majority escaping violence and persecution in Syria. As the humanitarian crisis enters its fifth year, millions of families living in protracted displacement situations are reaching breaking point.
They have exhausted their financial resources over the years and continue to face constrained access to basic services and critical protection risks. They are in desperate need of life-saving aid.
Investment in Education
Iraq’s national budget has in the past years allocated less than 6% of its national budget to the education sector, placing Iraq at the bottom rank of Middle East countries.
Years of conflict have weakened the capacity of the Iraqi government to deliver quality education services for all. Violence, damage to infrastructure and mass displacement of children and families have disrupted the provision of education services.
The Government of Iraq has given priority to the decentralisation of service delivery, including education. The capacity of education departments at the governorate level need to be boosted in order for them to oversee the implementation of education policies and plans, the recruitment and management of human resources, the supervision of schools, and the management of educational infrastructure.